Description: The concept of medical surge forms the cornerstone of preparedness planning efforts for major medical incidents. It is important, therefore, to define this term before analyzing solutions for the overall needs of mass casualty or mass effect incidents.
Description: Surge requirements span the range of specialized medical services (expertise, information, procedures, equipment, or personnel) that are not normally available at the location where they are needed (e.g., pediatric care provided at non-pediatric facilities).
Description: Surge capability also includes patient problems that require special intervention to protect medical providers, other patients, and the integrity of the HCO. Basic example: Many hospitals encountered difficulties with the arrival of patients with symptoms of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).